Congressional (US House) Redistricting in Ohio, 2021
Principal mapmaking authority: Ohio General Assembly
Congressional mapmaking in 2021 will rely on a multi-step process making it more difficult for one political party to draw districts to give itself an unfair advantage in elections. If the requirements are not met at the first step, the process moves onto the next step for another try, and so on until a map is agreed upon. Here are the steps in sequence.
Ohio’s new Congressional redistricting process focuses on reining in the worst excesses of gerrymandering through bipartisan mapmaking, greater transparency and giving Ohioans tools so that they can make their own maps and participate more fully in mapmaking.
Congressional redistricting emphasizes counties as political building blocks. Of the eighty-eight counties, sixty-five counties shall be contained entirely within a district, eighteen counties may be split not more than once, and five counties may be split not more than twice.
State Legislative Redistricting in Ohio, 2021
Principal mapmaking authority: Ohio Redistricting Commission
The new Ohio Redistricting Commission is comprised of the Governor, Auditor, Secretary of State, and two representatives each from the Senate and the House, one from each major political party in that chamber.
Criteria focus on keeping communities together and increasing transparency. The Ohio Constitution strictly limits splits in county, municipal and township boundaries and there is a prohibition on drawing district lines to favor or disfavor one political party over others.